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Shavuot – Jewish Holidays 2017

What Is Shavuot?

The holiday of Shavuot is a two-day holiday, commencing at sunset of the 5th of Sivan and lasting unless dusk of the seventh of Sivan (could 30-June 1, 2017). In Israel it’s a one-day vacation, ending at dusk of the 6th of Sivan.

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What Shavuot Commemorates

The phrase Shavuot manner “weeks.” It marks the completion of the seven-week counting interval between Passover and Shavuot.

The Torah was once given by way of G‑d to the Jewish men and women on Mount Sinai on Shavuot greater than three,300 years ago. every year on the vacation of Shavuot we renew our acceptance of G‑d’s gift, and G‑d “re-gives” the Torah.

The giving of the Torah was once a ways-achieving nonsecular event—one who touched the essence of the Jewish soul for all instances. Our sages have when compared it to a wedding between G‑d and the Jewish persons. Shavuot also way “oaths,” for on at the present time G‑d swore everlasting devotion to us, and we in flip pledged everlasting loyalty to Him.

In historical times, two wheat loaves would be offered in Holy Temple on Shavuot. It was once also presently that people would begin to bring bikkurim, their first and highest quality fruits, to thank G‑d for Israel’s bounty.

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How Shavuot is celebrated

  • Females and girls light excursion candles to usher in the holiday, on each the primary and 2nd evenings of the holidays. :-

We usher in the peace and sanctity of Shabbat by lights candles every Friday night and on the eve of Jewish vacation trips. The candles deliver peace into our houses and add gentle and warmness to a global that mostly feels dark and bloodless. The candles are lit eighteen minutes before sundown. Some communities, corresponding to those in Jerusalem, have the custom of lighting fixtures the candles and bringing within the Shabbat previous. in that case, mild the candles as per your community customized. Single girls and women light one candle. After marriage, females gentle two — and a few have the custom of lighting one candle for each and every member of the instantaneous household.

Candles are lit on or near the table where the Shabbat dinner might be served, so as to add to the sunshine and pleasure of Shabbat.

  • It’s usual to remain up all night learning Torah on the primary night time of Shavuot.

How and why we stay up here:-

Let’s take a walk for a moment. It’s Shavuot night time; the festive meal has completed. Like so many other festival nights, you’d count on the routine to play out in a familiar pattern. The company head residence, the older family individuals support smooth up, but slowly, separately, the household drifts off to sleep. But this nighttime, whatever distinctively occurs. as a substitute than going to sleep, the participants of the household keep up all night—and be taught Torah.

The apparent query is, why? What’s so unique about this night that so many folks forego a night’s sleep to remain up learning alternatively?

To realize this follow, we’re going to take a step back in time to the very first Shavuot—the day G‑d gave us the Torah at Mount Sinai.

  • All guys, females, and kids must go to the synagogue on the primary day of Shavuot to listen to the reading of the Ten Commandments.
  • As on other vacations, exact meals are eaten, and no “work” could also be carried out.
  • It is long-established to consume dairy meals on Shavuot. Menus variety from usual cheese blintzes to quiches, casseroles and extra.
  • On the 2nd day of Shavuot, the Yizkor memorial carrier is recited.
  • Some communities learn the booklet of Ruth publicly, as King David—whose passing befell on this present day—was once a descendant of Ruth the Moabite.

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Shavuot History

Shavuot is a pageant with a kind of names, each and everyone representing special features of the festival. it’s the Hag HaKatzir (harvest festival), Hag HaShavuot (festival of weeks) and Hag Habikkurim (competition of first fruits). The Torah describes the biblical competition in all three ways. For instance, in Numbers 28:26, the persons are commanded to present a brand new meal-offering to the eternal on the “day of first fruits” within the festival of weeks.

The identify “Atzeret” (“cessation” or “solemn meeting”) is used later in the Talmud to reflect how the rabbinic sages viewed the pageant as a conclusion to Passover and the following counting period of the Omer (when the sheaf offerings got in the Temple and every of the forty-nine days is counted).

The Talmudic rabbis also added the identify “Zeman Matan torteau” (time of the reception of Torah ), which mirrored their view of the competition as additionally having been the time in history when the Jews got the Torah on Mount Sinai. In submit-Talmudic occasions, the name “Shavuot” got here back into use.

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The counting interval which began during Passover and lasted seven weeks–every week of weeks–marked the interval from the harvesting of barley to the harvesting of wheat (the “first fruits” of the wheat harvest)–the last cereal to ripen–on Shavuot. In Deuteronomy 16: eleven it’s known as a festival of rejoicing. In Exodus 34:22, the humans are commanded to make a competition of weeks with the first providing of the wheat harvest. The offerings usually are not given. nevertheless, in Leviticus 23:17, there is a prescribed offering of first-fruit loaves of a recent meal of two-tenths of an ephah (a biblical dimension), baked with leaven. The loaves had been to be waved in the Temple.

In all likelihood, then, Shavuot used to be not celebrated unless after the primary Temple was once developed. it’s speculated that Shavuot was once as a rule probably the most complex of the pilgrim gala’s to become aware of on the grounds that it fell within the core of the growing season. nonetheless, the historian Josephus (first century C.E.) describes massive attendance in Jerusalem for Shavuot, and the Mishnah–in the section referred to as bikkurim–depicts the bringing of first fruits to the Temple in Jerusalem as a gala affair.

The guide of Jubilees–which is a component of the apocrypha, works viewed for but not finally canonized in the Bible–adds a different purpose for celebrating Shavuot: to commemorate and renew the p.c. between God and Noah when God promised by no means to flood the earth once more.

One of the crucial old controversies surrounding this festival desirous about the hindrance of when to start counting the omer. The Torah mentioned making the Omer supplying (and as a result counting) “on the morrow after the Sabbath” of Passover. The dispute was once over what “Sabbath” supposed; a competition day or the Sabbath. The Sadducees, some of the foremost sects of Judaism for the period of second Temple times, believed that Sabbath intended the primary Saturday in Passover.

The pharisaic interpretation that came to be authorized by the sages was that Sabbath supposed a day of relaxation, and referred to Passover itself. The counting therefore began from the 2nd evening of Passover, and persisted for 49 days. The fiftieth day used to be Shavuot.

within the rabbinic interval, the sages desirous about Exodus 19:1, which acknowledged that “on the third new moon after the Israelites had gone forth from the land of Egypt…they entered the wasteland of Sinai.” via this calculation, the Israelites have been at the foot of Mount Sinai on the first of Sivan.

They thus got Torah on the sixth of Sivan, the day of Shavuot. via linking Shavuot no longer in basic terms to an agricultural harvest, but additionally to the day of reception of Torah, the festival grew to be rather more strong and colossal. it’s as a competition marking the “birthday of the Torah” that Shavuot is specifically seen today.

It was once in the course of the rabbinic interval, as good, that the pageant of gladness grew to be the fruits of a protracted period of disappointment. The weeks of counting the omer have been a semi-mourning interval. among the many reasons for this used to be the legendary belief that 12,000 of Rabbi Akiba’s disciples had died in this interval. Some historians consider this period was once related to the Hadrianic persecutions that passed off after the Bar Kokhba uprising (2d century C.E.) in opposition to Roman rule in Palestine.

There may additionally have been unhappiness related with the destruction of the 2nd Temple (70 C.E.) when the persons had been no longer capable to deliver the omer delivering to the Temple.

The 33rd day of counting the omer, Lag B’Omer–“lag” equals 33 in Hebrew–was once an interruption of the period of unhappiness. The legend had it that the disciples ceased demise on that day.

It was once within the mystical work, the Zohar, that the omer interval used to be seen because the “dating days of the bridegroom Israel with the bride Torah.” As of the 16th century C.E. there may be recorded knowledge for the practice of studying Jewish sacred literature for the entire first night starting Erev Shavuot. this practice, referred to as “Tikkun Leil Shavuot” (practise for the night of Shavuot), is an old one, but used to be there is not any conclusive proof for it before the Safed kabbalists (mystics) headed by way of Isaac Luria.

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On account, that of the Shavuot connection with the giving of Torah, a couple of hundred years in the past the jap European practice began of introducing small children, between the a long time of three and five, to Torah be trained at this time. They were given muffins, honey, and sweet throughout the initiation in order that they would associate Torah with sweetness and joy.

An additional ultra-modern practice associated with Shavuot used to be confirmation. The Reform motion, in its early years, believed that 15 or 16 used to be a more correct age than 13 for an initiation ritual for Jewish learning. Shavuot used to be viewed the ideal time to affirm young people into lifelong study of Torah. Many Reform congregations nonetheless conduct confirmation at Shavuot. different movements have additionally adopted this apply.

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